Map  Header Text: Epidemiology for Public Health Practice, Third Edition
Third Edition Text: Robert H. Friis and Thomas A. Sellers



Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgements
Introduction


Chapter 1. The History and Scope of Epidemiology
Introduction
Epidemiology Defined
Foundations of Epidemiology
Historical Antecedents of Epidemiology
Recent Applications of Epidemiology
Conclusion
Study Questions and Exercises


Chapter 2. Practical Applications of Epidemiology
Introduction
Applications for the Assessment of the Health Status of Populations and Delivery of Health Services
Applications Relevant to Disease Etiology
Conclusion
Study Questions and Exercises
Appendix 2-A: Data for Study Question 5


Chapter 3. Measures of Morbidity and Mortality Used in Epidemiology
Introduction
Definitions of Count, Proportion, Ratio, and Rate
Risk Versus Rate
Interrelationship Between Prevalence and Incidence
Applications of Incidence Data
Crude Rates
Specific Rates
Adjusted Rates
Conclusion
Study Questions and Exercises
Appendix 3-A: Data for Study Questions 2 Through 5


Chapter 4. Descriptive Epidemiology: Person, Place, Time
Introduction
Characteristics of Persons
Characteristics of Place
Characteristics of Time
Conclusion
Study Questions and Exercises
Appendix 4-A: Project: Descriptive Epidemiology of a Selected Health Problem


Chapter 5. Sources of Data for Use in Epidemiology
Introduction
Criteria for the Quality and Utility of Epidemiologic Data
Computerized Bibliographic Databases
Confidentiality, Sharing of Data, and Record Linkage
Statistics Derived from the Vital Registration System
Reportable Disease Statistics
Screening Surveys
Disease Registries
Morbidity Surveys of the General Population
Insurance Data
Hospital Data
Diseases Treated in Special Clinics and Hospitals
Data from Physicians' Practices
Absenteeism Data
School Health Programs
Morbidity in the Armed Forces: Data on Active Personnel and Veterans
Other Sources of Data Relevant to Epidemiologic Studies
Conclusion
Study Questions and Exercises


Chapter 6. Ecologic, Cross-Sectional, and Case-Control Study Designs
Introduction
Observational Versus Experimental Approaches in Epidemiology
Overview of Study Designs Used in Epidemiology
Ecologic Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Case-Control Studies
Conclusion
Study Questions and Exercises


Chapter 7. Cohort Study Designs
Introduction
Cohort Studies Defined
Sampling and Cohort Formation Options
Temporal Differences in Cohort Designs
Practical Considerations
Measures of Interpretation and Examples
Nested Case-Control Studies
Comparisons of Observational Designs
Conclusion
Study Questions and Exercises


Chapter 8. Experimental Study Designs
Introduction
Hierarchy of Study Designs
Intervention Studies
Clinical Trials
Community Trials
Conclusion
Study Questions and Exercises


Chapter 9. Measures of Effect
Introduction
Absolute Effects
Relative Effects
Statistical Measure of Effect
Evaluating Epidemiologic Associations
Conclusions
Study Questions and Exercises
Appendix 9-A: Cohort Study Data for Coffee Use and Anxiety


Chapter 10. Data Interpretation Issues
Introduction
Validity of Study Designs
Sources of Error in Epidemiologic Research
Techniques to Reduce Bias
Methods to Control Confounding
Bias Analysis and Publication
Conclusion
Study Questions and Exercises


Chapter 11. Screening for Disease in the Community
Introduction
Screening for Disease
Appropriate Situations for Screening Tests and Programs
Characteristics of a Good Screening Test
Evaluation of Screening Tests
Sources of Unreliability and Invalidity
Measures of the Validity of Screening Tests
Effects of Prevalence of Disease on Screening Test Results
Relationship Between Sensitivity and Specificity
Evaluation of Screening Programs
Issues in the Classification of Morbidity and Mortality
Conclusion
Study Questions and Exercises
Appendix 11-A: Data for Problem 6


Chapter 12. Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases
Introduction
Agents of Infectious Disease
Characteristics of Infectious Disease Agents
Host
The Environment
Means of Transmission-Directly or Indirectly from Reservoir
Measures of Disease Outbreaks
Procedures Used in the Investigation of Infectious Disease Outbreaks
Epidemiologically Significant Infectious Diseases in the Community
Conclusion
Study Questions and Exercises
Appendix 12-A: Data from a Foodborne Illness Outbreak in a College Cafeteria


Chapter 13. Epidemiologic Aspects of Work and the Environment
Introduction
Health Effects Associated with Environmental Hazards
Study Designs used in Environmental Epidemiology
Toxicologic concepts Related to Environmental Epidemiology
Types of Agents
Environmental Hazards Found in the Work Setting
Noteworthy Community Environmental Health Hazards
Conclusion
Study Questions and Exercises


Chapter 14. Molecular and Genetic Epidemiology
Introduction
Definitions and Distinctions: Molecular Versus Genetic Epidemiology
Epidemiologic Evidence for Genetic Factors
Causes of Familial Aggregation
Shared Family Environment and Familial Aggregation
Gene Mapping: Segregation and Linkage Analysis
Application of Genes in Epidemiologic Designs
Genetics and Public Health
Conclusion
Study Questions and Exercises


Chapter 15. Psychologic, Behavioral, and Social Epidemiology
Introduction
Research Designs Used in Psychologic, Behavioral, and Social Epidemiology
Independent Variables
Moderating Factors in the Stress-Illness Relationship
Outcome Variables: Physical Health, Mental Health, Affective States
Conclusion
Study Questions and Exercises


Glossary
Appendix A-Guide to the Critical Appraisal of an Epidemiologic/Public Health Research Article
Appendix B-Answers to Selected Study Questions
Index
About the Authors

 
 

 
 

 

 

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